Difference between revisions of "Observational Astronomy (308)"

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(Notes on content to the Physics and Astronomy 308 class Observational Astronomy)
 
 
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* Semester projects
 
* Semester projects
 
* [https://www.astro.louisville.edu/presentations/ul_20190221.pdf Facilities and research]  
 
* [https://www.astro.louisville.edu/presentations/ul_20190221.pdf Facilities and research]  
* On-line with Mt. Kent live sessino
+
* On-line with Mt. Kent live session
 
 
  
 
== Week 2 (August 26) ==
 
== Week 2 (August 26) ==
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** [http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/ Simbad]
 
** [http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/ Simbad]
 
** [http://aladin.u-strasbg.fr/aladin.gml Aladin]
 
** [http://aladin.u-strasbg.fr/aladin.gml Aladin]
 +
** [https://www.calsky.com/ Calsky]
 +
 +
 +
== Week 3 (September 2) ==
 +
 +
* Labor Day holiday
 +
 +
 +
== Week 4 (September 9) ==
 +
 +
* Telescopes
 +
** Basic concepts of optical telescope design
 +
** Light gathering function
 +
** Focal plane scale
 +
** Angular resolution and point spread function
 +
** Detectors and filters
 +
 +
* Visit to the Planetarium
 +
** Solar projection telescope
 +
** Solar imaging in hydrogen alpha light
 +
 +
 +
== Week 5 (September 16) ==
 +
 +
* Telescopes continued from last week as needed
 +
 +
* Examples: Epsilon Lyrae (Double Double) see [https://www.astro.louisville.edu/shared_skies/archive/select/stars/lyra/epsilon_lyrae/20060909/ https://www.astro.louisville.edu/shared_skies/archive/select/stars/lyra/epsilon_lyrae/20060909/]
 +
 +
 +
== Week 6 (September 23) ==
 +
 +
* Clear weather tonight possible (Monday) and the coming weekend
 +
 +
* Roundtable discussion about project ideas (bring your own) such as
 +
** Jupiter imaging (must be done soon)
 +
** Bright star photometry (examples are some TESS candidates and zeta Andromedae now)
 +
** Use of latest CMOS color sensors for photometry
 +
** Other TESS candidates (TESS is currently observing the northern sky)
 +
** Variable stars in the TESS public data
 +
** Comets [http://www.aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html http://www.aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html]
 +
** Supernovae [http://www.rochesterastronomy.org/supernova.html http://www.rochesterastronomy.org/supernova.html]
 +
** Anything in Orion (visible after midnight now)
 +
** Geosynchronous (GEO) satellites (where, when, optical variability)
 +
** Low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites (wide field camera, untracked)
 +
** Near-Earth objects
 +
** Mercury transit on November 11 (with an exoplanet transit at night backup)
 +
** Other selected targets in either hemisphere, your choice
 +
 +
To continue this week and next as time allows
 +
 +
* [https://www.astro.louisville.edu/software/astroimagej/index.html AstroImageJ]
 +
** Installation
 +
** Use with simple images 
 +
** Photometry
 +
** Advanced concepts
 +
** Examples: Jupiter see [https://www.astro.louisville.edu/shared_skies/archive/select/planets/jupiter/20140313/ https://www.astro.louisville.edu/shared_skies/archive/select/planets/jupiter/20140313/]
 +
** Examples: TESS data and followup with ground-based observations
 +
 +
 +
== Week 7 (September 30) ==
 +
 +
* Continued discussion of research and optical astronomy data
 +
 +
 +
== Week 8 (October  7) ==
 +
 +
* Fall break
 +
 +
 +
 +
== Week 9 (October 14) ==
 +
 +
* Final organization of research topics (revised 2019-10-21)
 +
** Natalie Warning - Geosynchronous satellites
 +
** Shawn Knabel, Dominic Smith, Travis Waters - TESS exoplanets
 +
** Michael Turner - TESS and expolanets
 +
** Christopher Anderson - Orion star formation
 +
** Benjamin Kantardzic- TESS and exoplanets
 +
** Dylan Scharff - Supernovae
 +
 +
 +
* Exoplanet transit photometry of a TESS candidate
 +
** Full frame images
 +
** Candidates
 +
** Validation - night of October 13, 2019
 +
 +
 +
== Week 10 (October 21) ==
 +
 +
* Research by topic
 +
** TESS and exoplanets
 +
*** Travis Waters, Shawn Knabel, Dominic Smith, Michael Turner, Ben Kantardzic
 +
** Supernovae
 +
*** Dylan Scharff
 +
** Orion star formation
 +
*** Chris Andersen
 +
** Geosynchronous satellites
 +
*** Natalie Warning
 +
 +
* This week at Moore Observatory
 +
** Tuesday night likely clear
 +
** Wednesday night long range partly cloudy
 +
** Sunday night long range favorable
 +
 +
* Noise in signals
 +
** Gaussian random processes, photons, and Poisson noise
 +
** Assessing sources of systematic error and noise in photometry
 +
 +
 +
== Week 11 (October 28) ==
 +
 +
* Stellar spectra
 +
* Radial velocities
 +
 +
 +
== Week 12 (November 4) ==
 +
 +
* Latest data on GEO satellites and TESS targets
 +
** See [https://www.calsky.com/]
 +
* Determining planetary mass from spectra
 +
** See [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doppler_spectroscopy Doppler Spectoscopy] in Wikipedia
 +
 +
 +
== Week 13 (November 11) ==
 +
 +
* Transit of Mercury!!
 +
** Viewing in the planetarium garden area if it is clear
 +
** See  [https://www.space.com/mercury-transit-2019-viewing-guide.html Viewing guide]
 +
 +
 +
== Week 14 (November 18) ==
 +
 +
* Use of AstroImageJ to analyze data
 +
* Project data on our server at [https://www.astro.louisville.edu/shared_skies/archive/astrolab/ https://www.astro.louisville.edu/shared_skies/archive/astrolab/]
 +
 +
If time available --
 +
 +
* High spatial resolution imaging
 +
** Lucky imaging
 +
** Adaptive optics
 +
** Role in exoplanet discovery
 +
** Interferometry present and future
 +
 +
 +
== Week 15 (November 25) ==
 +
 +
* Presentations of projects

Latest revision as of 22:51, 19 November 2019

These notes are brief summaries and links for the in-class content for the Monday class meetings of the Fall Semester 2019.


Week 1 (August 19)

Week 2 (August 26)

  • What we observe
    • Position and celestial coordinates
    • Flux and magnitude
  • What we infer
    • Distance
    • Size
    • Luminosity
    • Composition
    • Evolution
  • Useful tools for access to data


Week 3 (September 2)

  • Labor Day holiday


Week 4 (September 9)

  • Telescopes
    • Basic concepts of optical telescope design
    • Light gathering function
    • Focal plane scale
    • Angular resolution and point spread function
    • Detectors and filters
  • Visit to the Planetarium
    • Solar projection telescope
    • Solar imaging in hydrogen alpha light


Week 5 (September 16)

  • Telescopes continued from last week as needed


Week 6 (September 23)

  • Clear weather tonight possible (Monday) and the coming weekend
  • Roundtable discussion about project ideas (bring your own) such as
    • Jupiter imaging (must be done soon)
    • Bright star photometry (examples are some TESS candidates and zeta Andromedae now)
    • Use of latest CMOS color sensors for photometry
    • Other TESS candidates (TESS is currently observing the northern sky)
    • Variable stars in the TESS public data
    • Comets http://www.aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html
    • Supernovae http://www.rochesterastronomy.org/supernova.html
    • Anything in Orion (visible after midnight now)
    • Geosynchronous (GEO) satellites (where, when, optical variability)
    • Low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites (wide field camera, untracked)
    • Near-Earth objects
    • Mercury transit on November 11 (with an exoplanet transit at night backup)
    • Other selected targets in either hemisphere, your choice

To continue this week and next as time allows


Week 7 (September 30)

  • Continued discussion of research and optical astronomy data


Week 8 (October 7)

  • Fall break


Week 9 (October 14)

  • Final organization of research topics (revised 2019-10-21)
    • Natalie Warning - Geosynchronous satellites
    • Shawn Knabel, Dominic Smith, Travis Waters - TESS exoplanets
    • Michael Turner - TESS and expolanets
    • Christopher Anderson - Orion star formation
    • Benjamin Kantardzic- TESS and exoplanets
    • Dylan Scharff - Supernovae


  • Exoplanet transit photometry of a TESS candidate
    • Full frame images
    • Candidates
    • Validation - night of October 13, 2019


Week 10 (October 21)

  • Research by topic
    • TESS and exoplanets
      • Travis Waters, Shawn Knabel, Dominic Smith, Michael Turner, Ben Kantardzic
    • Supernovae
      • Dylan Scharff
    • Orion star formation
      • Chris Andersen
    • Geosynchronous satellites
      • Natalie Warning
  • This week at Moore Observatory
    • Tuesday night likely clear
    • Wednesday night long range partly cloudy
    • Sunday night long range favorable
  • Noise in signals
    • Gaussian random processes, photons, and Poisson noise
    • Assessing sources of systematic error and noise in photometry


Week 11 (October 28)

  • Stellar spectra
  • Radial velocities


Week 12 (November 4)

  • Latest data on GEO satellites and TESS targets
  • Determining planetary mass from spectra


Week 13 (November 11)

  • Transit of Mercury!!
    • Viewing in the planetarium garden area if it is clear
    • See Viewing guide


Week 14 (November 18)

If time available --

  • High spatial resolution imaging
    • Lucky imaging
    • Adaptive optics
    • Role in exoplanet discovery
    • Interferometry present and future


Week 15 (November 25)

  • Presentations of projects